Civilian Observation Patrol (COP)

The NYPD has 12 official “Civilian Observation Patrol” groups, but experts say many more are patrolling city streets, including watchdog residents at NYCHA’s Mott Haven Houses, the Rockaway Citizens Safety Patrol and private security hired by block associations. The Howard Beach C.O.P. launched this summer and already has two squad cars, a K-9 unit, hot line and uniforms as it awaits ­police approval.

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